The bachelor degree and master’s degree in Russia are equivalent to the European bachelors and masters. Russia is included into the Bologna convention, and diplomas are admitted in the majority of the European countries.
In Russia education is divided into general education and professional education. General education includes preschool education and education in school. Professional education received in colleges and higher educational institutions such as Universities, Academies and Institutes.
Besides the general and professional education, there are additional education programs. Such as:
- Preparatory Courses;
- Summer schools;
- The additional all-developing and Pre-Professional Programs;
- Qualification Improvement and professional retraining Programs.
What levels Russian education consist of?
Higher education in Russia consist of three levels:
First level. Bachelor's degree
A bachelor's degree is a complete higher education. You will receive general fundamental preparation, that at once allows you to start working by profession or to continue education for Master's Degree.
|Requirements for candidates||general middle education|
|Academic terms (full-time tuition)||4 years|
|Evening classes education possibility||yes|
|Graduate qualification||Bachelor's degree|
|Graduation document||The Diploma of Bachelor's degree|
|Further education||Master's degree|
Second level. Master's Degree
Education for Master's Degree deepens specialization in the chosen direction. After finishing the education, one may practice in the professional sphere or to be engaged in scientific activity in a postgraduate study.
|Requirements for candidates||Bachelor's degree, specialist degree|
|Academic terms (full-time tuition)||2 years|
|Evening classes education possibility||no|
|Graduate qualification||Master's degree|
|Graduation document||The Diploma of Master's degree|
|Further education||Postgraduate study|
The first + second level. Specialist degree
Unlike a bachelor degree, the specialist degree gives not only fundamental, but also practical preparation. You will be able to be engaged in professional sphere right after the end of education, to continue education in for master’s degree or to be engaged in scientific activity in a postgraduate study. As for specialist programme belong all medical, military and a part of technical specialities: computer security, design of technological machines and complexes, fundamental mathematics and mechanics and others.
|Requirements for candidates||general middle education*|
|Academic terms (full-time tuition)||Not less than 5 years|
|Evening classes education possibility||Most often not, the decision is made by higher education institution in an individual order|
|Graduate qualification||Specialists degree|
|Graduation document||The Diploma of specialist’s degree|
|Further education||Master's degree ** or postgraduate study|
* Full primary school, usually from 10 up to 12 years. Depending on country.
** Further education in for Master's degree after Specialists programme possible only on commercial basis.
Third level. The top qualification (scientific activities)
The main form of preparation of a scientific personnel in Russia is a postgraduate study. Education in a postgraduate study consists of several blocks:
- Educational part
- Pedagogical activities
- Research work
Upon finishing of a postgraduate study you should defend the dissertation then you will receive the first degree confirming the status of the scientist – candidate of science degree.
In addition to a postgraduate study, there are other forms of preparation of a scientific personnel:
|The postgraduate military course is a postgraduate study of higher education institutions of Armed forces and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Ministry of emergency situations of the Russian Federation||The Internship - practice in medical institution under the leadership of the senior colleagues for graduates of medical higher education institutions after which they acquire the right of professional activity||Assistantship training – the program of training of workers of the top qualification in the sphere of arts after which the graduate acquires the right of performing and teaching activities|
|The postgraduate military course||Assistantship training|
|Requirements for candidates||Master's degree, Specialists degree||Master's degree, Specialists degree in the field of culture|
|Academic terms (full-time tuition)||3-4 years||2 years|
|Evening classes education possibility||4-5 years||no|
|Graduate qualification||Research degree, research professor||Higher qualification specialist, professor in the higher school|
|Degree||Candidate of science||-|
|Graduation document||The postgraduate Diploma||Assistantship training diploma|
|Further education||Doctoral dissertation defense||Candidate dissertation defense, Doctoral dissertation defense|